World Universal Exhibitions

Crystal Palace

World EXPO 1851

World EXPO 1929

World EXPO 2010
History of the World Universal Exhibitions

The great exhibition of industry works of all nations, held in London Hyde Park from May, 1 to October, 15 1851, has become a milestone in history of industrial revolution. Due to participation of many countries it was called the world exhibition. At the first world exhibition industrial products and various handicraft products, machinery, production methods, as well as minerals and works of fine art were presented.

Crystal Palace, a huge building made of glass and steel was built specially for exhibition. Inside the palace amazing inventions, such as prototype of a fax machine, and the so - called storms predictor were shown to the audience. Other curiosities attracted the public, for example, a true showcase of the British Empire.

Rush about the exhibition, which was attended by nearly 6 million people (one third of the population of Britain), brought considerable income, which was spent on foundation of museums of Albertopol. Initiative to hold universal exhibitions was taken up by the French, answered to the English with the World Exhibition of 1855. Since that time such events were held regularly.

Universal Exhibitions were always the basis for acquaintance with all sorts of inventions and innovations. In 1862 in London the first sewing machine, in 1876 in Philadelphia (USA) - the first telephone, in 1893 in Chicago - the lightning and the electric chair were presented. A symbol of Paris - Eiffel Tower - was built in 1889 in honour of the World Exhibition in Paris. In Paris at EXPO - 1878 the first literary Congress took place. On the basis of its decisions the first international agreement about copyright in literature was produced. At the same exhibition a question of copyright in industry was discussed, the issue of improving the living conditions of the blind was considered. In 1900 at the World Exhibition in Paris the word "television", rung out in the report of a Russian engineer K. Perskii, was put into common use.

After the war, exhibition organizers began to pay attention not only to advances in technology. The participants went on to discuss global issues facing humanity - for example, a man and his place in the world, environment, urbanization, and many others. In accordance with these issues a separate theme is formulated every time, and each country makes its own exposition.

Modern Expo has become a symbol of industrialization and open space to showcase all the most important achievements of the country in various fields. Every time EXPO is attended by millions of people. Opportunity of country participation in Expo is considered at the governmental level. Battle of the States - candidates to host the Expo resembles the struggle for the right to host the Olympic Games.